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Speaking Greek: Critical Greek Words


agon: it can mean competition or conflict as in athletics. In Greek drama it can mean the struggle or conflict between characters.

aidos: shame, embarrassment, modesty, decorum.

areté: bravery, courage, personal excellence; also moral virtue.

ate: folly.

Chthonic: "in, under, or beneath the earth, pertaining to the Earth. Wikipedia makes the following distinction: The Greek word khthon is one of several for "earth"; it typically refers to the interior of the soil, rather than the living surface of the land (as Gaia or Ge does) or the land as territory (as khora (χ?ρα) does). It evokes at once abundance and the grave.

Dike: custom, usage; hence, what is right.

ethos: character, the enduring aspects of ones personality, in contrast to pathos which is immediate emotional response..

to eu: the perfect or the good.

Hoplite: heavily armed infantryman that formed part of a phalanx.

hybris (hubris): outrage; arrogance, insolence, violence, injury, rape.

isonomia : equal law, balance, equality before the law, equality of rights.

to kallos: the beautiful.

kosmos: order

nemesis: righteous anger or retribution.

pathos: emotion

rhythmos: rhythm .

sophrosyné: self-restraint engendered by self-knowledge

symmetria : commensurability of the parts. Correct proportion of the parts in relationship to the whole.

techné: craft, technique, skill, expertise.

Major Greek Antinomies or Binaries
Greek Barbarian
Male Female
Free Slave
Human Animal
Civilization Savagery
Divine Human
Nemesis Hybris
Cosmos Chaos
Rational Irrational
God Giant