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Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Lat. 17294:

The Salisbury Breviary

f. 8r

f. 8v

f. 30r

f. 30v: mirror image

f. 30v

f. 56r

f. 56v

f80v: while no appreciable change in secondary decoration, there seems to be a shift in miniature style. Note also the historiated initials have not been completed. This was found earlier in the manuscript in the second or third gathering.

f. 104r: rinceaux has changed?

f. 106r

f. 106v: clearly different decorator than the rest of the gathering. Miniatures appear to be by the first hand. This decorator is closely related to the decorator of the Bedford Hours.

f. 107: clearly different decorator and miniaturist from previous folio.

f. 109r: First miniaturist and decorator.

(104-111) 8

2 2 1 2 / 2 1 2 2

Gathering beginning with 112 looks like it represents another break in decoration and possibly miniaturist. With gatheinrg beginning on f. 120r looks like it is returning to earlier decorator (2nd)

f. 183r (gathering 183-190 has completed decoration, but none of the miniatures have been done.


f. 195v Gathering 191-198 Completed text and rubrics. Decoration has not been begun.

f. 186r: note the completed decoration. Gold has been applied for flourished initials, but the pen flourishes have not been completed. Good demonstration of flourishing as a separate stage in production from the rest of the decoration.

Gathering beginning of f. 199 done in later miniature and decorative style.  


f. 214r

Gathering beginning on folio 207r has the two outside and the center bifolia with drawings for the secondary decoration. These drawings look like they were a part of the early stage of production. The third bifolio is completed. This looks like an early stage. Folio 212v Large miniature with Entry into Jerusalem.

f. 214r: eagle (drawn)

f. 214r: initial

f. 214v

f. 214v: eagle (traced)

Bifolio 223/ 230 has early stage prepatory drawings. Bifolia 224/229 and 226/227 have completed text and rubrics but no evidence of secondary decoration. Bifolio 225/228 completed with large miniature of resurrection on f. 228v. Clearly early stage.



f. 228r

f. 228v

Ended with folio 228v










f. 522r

f. 560r: Note the page is entirely complete except for gap left for the addition of a small miniature.


f. 688r

f. 688r: Detail


f. 518v

f. 518v: detail

f. 518v: detail

(note balls cupped by acanthus leaves)

rubrics were not done

Gathering Text/Miniature Decorator  
1 (2-7) 6 Calendar (folio 2-7) None: spaces left for initials but never done.  

2 (8-15) 8


Before 1435

Inc. Temporale: First Sunday in Advent: Trinity with Old Testament figures below Decorator A

f. 8r


Decorator A (notice the importance of symmetry)

Just as the decorator traces from one side of the leaf to the other, it looks like motifs that are symmetrical used tracing as well.

f. 8v

  The border decorations mirror each other on recto and verso but the frames of the marginal miniatures do not mirror.

f. 12r: detail

3 (16-23) 8


Before 1435

  Decorator A Historiated initials left blank. This suggests the possibility that the historiated initials were done by a different individual than the small border miniatures.

f. 20v

4 (24-31) 8


Before 1435

  Decorator A

f. 24r: pen flourish

5 (32-39) 8


Before 1435


Decorator A2?

More pronounced spines of acanthus. Acanthus looks stiffer or more brittle. Penned rinceaux looks different. Coloring looks flatter and drier

Go over to confirm


Note white highlighting around acanthus.

Notice how gold leaf rinceaux has upturned ink outlining.

Compare this decorator to the decorator of f. 162v of the Sobieski Hours (see König, p. 79)

f. 32r

6 (40-47)8


Before 1435

Decorator A responsible for the two outside bifolia; Decorator A3 responsible for the third bifolio (42/45); A4 responsible for the center bifolio (43/44)

Decorator A

Returns on f. 46r and 47.


f. 40r


Decorator A 3

Distinct difference in pen line decorations.

This decorator appears to return at f. 45r

f. 42r


Decorator A 4??

Distinct difference in pen line decoration

Note the use of brown in the acanthus decoration


This hand also responsible for f. 44

Compare this decoration to that found in the Book of Hours in the McNear collection in Chicago. (See Plummer, Last Flowering, no. 18). Plummer dates the ms. to 1450-60 from Lyons or Amiens.

f. 43r

7 (48-55) 8


Before 1435

  Decorator A : f. 48 (cf f. 12r), f. 49, 50 (note symmetries of ornaments), 51, 52, 53, 54, 55- the entire gathering  

8 (56-63) 8


Before 1435


f. 56r

This gathering is a good example of large miniature bifolia being treated separately from text pages. Clearly the borders of the large miniature bifolio is first stage (Decorator) while the remaining bifolia are done in a different style and probably a later stage. Compare the work of decorator of folios 57-62 to the decorator of folio 88. The same plant with gold balls appear in both portions (see folio 61). Different decorator: 57-62

f. 57r

  f. 63 clearly by Decorator A (conjugate to 56, large miniature)  

9 (64-71) 8


Before 1435

  Decorator of f. 32r and Sobrieski Hours. Responsible for the entire gathering.

f. 64r

10 (72-79) 8


Before 1435

  Decorator A returns on f. 72r. Appears to be responsible for the entire gathering. The acanthus curls holds a gold ball. This appears to be the same hand that was responsible for the calendar of the Bedford Hours, see f. 1 illustrated in König, p. 34  

11 (80-87) 8


Before 1435

The small miniatures are by a lesser hand.

f. 80r: Decorator of f. 32r and Sobrieski Hours returns.

As characteristic of this decorator the penned line of the out lateral lobes of the rinceaux have upturned lines.

The curl of the acanthus does not contain a gold ball. The spine of the acanthus has vertebrae or distinct dots. These are not found in the A Decorator's work.

Historiated initials were left blank.



12 (88-95) 8

Before 1435


Close to the decorator of 57-62. This decorator is responsible for the outside bifolio. The same plant detail found on 95 r is found on 59r.

F. 89r close to decorator of 43r but probably different This decorator is responsible for the three inside bifolios (f. 89-94)

On f. 93r the pen line rinceaux in the border and that associated with the initial look different. The pen line of the initial looks close to that of f. 43r. The same thing appears to happen on folio 90v. These are conjugate folios. Doesn't this indicate that the f. 43r artist appeared at the same time or after the f. 89 artist? F. 43r could not be later.

On 94 the pen line of both border and initial are the same. This is true of the remaining leaves by this decorator except for the bifolio 90/93.


Bifolio 88/95 by f. 57 decorator.

Miniature style looks clearly late.

f. 88r

(is the pen flourish a Parisian one?)

f. 89r

f. 90r

13 (96-103)


Before 1435

  F. 96r same decorator as f.88/ 95  

Are the miniatures and historiated initials in the same style? Looks like the miniatures are in a less sophisticated style (later?)

Note in the unfinished gathering beginning on folio 311 that the secondary decoration is completed and sketches have been added to the historiated capitals while the marginal miniatures show no evidence of activity.

f. 97r close to f20 but not sure. Also did 102

Folio 98, , 101 by the same hand as f. 42r

Not sure about 99 100

f103 same hand as f88


Bifolio 96/103 same decorator as f. 88/95.

Bifolio 98/101 by the f. 42 decorator.

Bifolia 97/102 and 99/100 are by the same hand. Not certain of the identification. Possibly A


14 (104-111)

Before 1435

Historiated initials by a more accomplished hand. Miniatures are in a stiffer hand. f 104 and 105 by the f. 43r hand


The arms of Jacquetta of Luxembourg, whom Bedford married in April, 1433, were painted into shield on fol. 106 (Reynolds, pp.444-445).  

f. 106r

f. 106: Adoration of the Magi f. 106v: By the f. 20r hand

f. 106v

Historiated initials are by an earlier better hand like 104 and miniatures in weaker.

Do these stronger initials indicate a terminus ante quem for the borders.? The initial bodies need to have been completed and those would have been done with the rest of the secondary decoration.

f. 107r 108 by f. 88r hand  
All the historiated initials in this gathering seem to be by the same hand- early stage. The border miniatures are early stage as well. f. 109r: Clearly f. 20 hand

f. 109r

border miniatures by a stronger hand than those of 104. Same style historiated initials. f. 110r and 111 by the f. 43r hand  
f. 111r: miniatures in a weaker hand but historiated initials in stronger hand. All of the historiated initials in the gathering were done by the same early stage hand.

15 (112-119) 8


Pen flourish initials never added. Guides are visible All the border decoration appears to be by the same hand found on f. 112r. Not certain that this is a new hand.

f. 112r

16 (120-127) 8


Border miniatures and historiated initials look high quality. Strong hand in both

The historiated initial on f. 120v uses the same head but in one the figure is a craftsman and in the other a scholar. Are the historiated initials focusing on the different estates? F. 127v has a king

f 120r:close to f. 43r hand, but possibly a different hand.

All the borders in the gathering seem to be by the same hand

f. 120v

17 (128-135) 8


  likely by the same hand as gathering 15 (f. 112r) but not certain. The decoration appears to be by one hand. Also compare him to the decorator of f. 265,  

18 (136- 143) 8


the historiated initial seem to be by the same artist as f. 43r f. 43r hand probaby did f. 136. f, 137 by a different hand, possibly f. 112 hand. f. 139 f. 140 hand probably f. 43r hand. f141r f142 likely by f.112 hand. So the f. 43r did the outside (137/143) and inside bifolia (139/140) while the remaining two bifolia (137/142 and 138/141) were by the f. 112 hand.  

19 (144-151) 8


  f. 144 by f. 112 hand. All the decoration in this gathering appears to be by the same hand  

20 (152-159) 8


pen flourish initials are not done but guides are present. Gold bodies of the initials have been done. f152 probably by the f. 112 hand. Same hand is likely responsible for the entire gathering.  

21 (160-167) 8


pen flourish initials are not done but guides are present. Gold bodies of the initials have been done.

same hand as previous gathering

Is there a break in hands in with f162/

Possibly the two outside bifolia by one hand and the two inside ones by a diffeent hand,


22 (168-175) 8


pen flourish initials are not done but guides are present. Gold bodies of the initials have been done.

The dress in the marginal miniatures look late. Check van Buren..

f. 168 is by the same artist as f. 162

Don't see a break in hands.

f. 168r

23 (176-182) 8 pen flourish initials reappear on f. 178 bis f. 176 looks like f. 43r hand.  

24 (183-190) 8


Marginal miniatures and historiated initials are not done, but the secondary decoration has been completed except for the pen flourish initials.

Pen flourish initials not done. f. 186r good example of the gold bdies being completed but no pen flourishing, 186v space left in text for the addition of a small miniature.

f. 183r looks like f. 112r hand. Responsible for the entire gathering. [Nov. : I am not certain about this identification]  

25 (191-198) 8


Completed text and rubrics. f. 195v Space left for small miniature at the top of the inside column. f. 191r secondary decoration has not started.  

26 (199-206) 8


Historiated initials are by a weaker hand than the previous ones. Probably the same hand as the marginal miniatures. Miniature style is close to that of f. 112r gathering.

Pen flourish initials not executed.

Notice how the rinceaux is no longer tied to the initials. It simply sprouts from the text block

f. 199r probably done by the same hand as f. 112r  

27 (207-214) 8

bifolio 209/212 before 1435. The drawings on remaining bifollia are before 1435.

f. 207 completed text and rubrics

f. 209r high quality early historiated initials and marginal miniatures.

Completed pen flourish initials.


f. 212 completed pen flourish initials.

f. 207 drawings for text and border decoration. These drawings appear to be an early style.

f. 207v original drawing/

f. 208r original drawing / 208v tracing

Drawings possibly first stage. Margin miniature frames are done as floral stems rather than gold frames. Tree trunk with roots found on 207v

f. 209r completed text and border decoration. Same style as f. 20v

f. 210r: Original drawings; f210v: tracing

f. 211r drawings. f. 211v: looks like original drawing while f. 211r looks like a tracing

f. 212r completed text and border decoration. Same style as f. 20v

f. 213r: drawings (tracing); f. 213v: original

f. 208r

f. 212r

f. 212v

28 (215-222) 8


f. 220r completed secondary decoration, historiated initials, and miniatures in the margin, but small miniature never done. Space is left open. Go over the secondary decoration. Perhaps a new decorator [Nov. Compare decoration to that of f. 168. The decoration of the whole gathering seems to be by the same hand.]  

29 (223-230) 8

bifolio 225/228 before 1435. Drawings on bifolio 223/230 before 1435.



223r drawings for secondary decoration (original on recto; tracing on verso. Looks like f. 20v hand in the drawing.

224r no drawings just completed text and rubrics.

f. 225 r f. 20r hand in borders. Completed page.

f. 226r and f. 227r no drawings just completed text and rubrics

f. 228r f. 20r hand completed page.

f. 228v

30 (231-238) 8


possibly the top of signature in the lower margin??

  f. 231-238: completed text and rubrics; no drawings.  

31 (239-246) 8

Before 1435


Note the XLV at the bottom of the page.

Miniatures in margins appear to be by the same hand as found on f. 43r. The same miniaturist appears responsible for the entire gathering.

Duke and Duchess appear in the small miniatures at the bottom of f. 241v

The large miniature on f. 243r appears to be by the same artist who di the small miniatures. Same softness in facial features. The Duke is in the historiated initial praying.

f. 239r: by the f. 43r decorator

f. 240- 241: by the f. 88r hand

f. 242r: by the f. 20r hand

f. 243r: Large miniature: Apocalyptic Vision of St. John

f. 244-245: by the f. 88r hand

f. 246: return of the f. 43 decorator

f. 243r

32 (247-254) 8


  f247r 254: Completed text and rubrics. No drawings or evidence of secondary decoration.  

33 (255-262) 8

Before 1435


Note XLVII cut off at the bottom.

In small text miniature clergyman holding crozier has the tree trunk motif on his vestments

f. 259r Duke and duchess appear in border miniatures. Behind the Duke is a cloth with the tree trunk

f. 261v: Ascension

f. 255r: f. 20r decorator. Responsible for the entire gathering.

f. 261v

34 (263-270) 8

Before 1435



f 263r: f. 32r decorator.{Nov:Yes]

f. 264r: f. 89r decorator [Nov: yes]

f. 265r: possibly new decorator. Does the decoration from 265-268.

f. 269: return of the f. 89r decorator. (Good comparison; very similar treatment on these two leaves)

f. 270r: f. 32r decorator

f. 270v

35 (271-278) 8

Before 1435


xlix cut off at the bottom

f. 278v: Feast of the Trinity with the Baptism

f. 271r: f. 32r decorator

f. 272r: f. 89r decorator Responsible for 272-277.

f. 278r: reappearance of f. 32r decorator.

f. 278v

36 (279-286) 8

Bifolio 282/283 before 1435

f. 283v: Feast of Corpus Christi. Includes images of the Duke and Duchess.

f. 279r-281: completed text and rubrics. No evidence of secondary decoration

f. 282r-283: f. 32r decorator.

f. 284-286: completed text and rubrics. No evidence of secondary decoration

f. 283v

37 (287-294) 8


Cut off signature

  f. 287-294: completed text and rubrics. No evidence of secondary decoration  

38 (295-302) 8


Lii signature

  f 295r: possibly f. 112r decorator but probably a different decorator, Secondary decoration is complete but no historiated initials or marginal miniatures. Gold body of the pen flourish initials have been added but the pen flourishing was never executed. (f. 296r is a good example of unifinished pen flourish decoration. Only the gold bodies are done.  

39 (303-310)


Liii signature partially cut off

Miniatures and historiated initials are completed. Late style? .

f. 112r? decorator Same decorator as f. 295r

Gold bodies completed but the pen flourish initials never finished.



40 (311-318)


Liiii signature

Drawings for historiated initials but no evidence of work on the marginal miniatures.

Secondary decoration is completed. f. 112r? decorator possibly; smae decorator as f. 295r

f. 313v has completed pen flourish initials

f. 314r: small miniature has preliminary drawing

f. 314r

41 (319-326) 8


No signature evident

No drawings for either the historiated initials or the marginal miniatures evident.

Secondary decoration is completed. f. 112r decorator possibly; f. 295r decorator

f. 319v gold bodies for pen flourish initials have been added but no evidence of pen flourishing.


42 (327-334) 8


tip of signature; not readable.


Unfinished secondary decoration by the f. 112r decorator. Same decorator as f. 295r

f. 327r the green leaves and strawberries have been completed the remaining decoration is only the first layer of paint. f. 327v only the basic colors layed in; no fine detailing.

f. 328r: green leaves are completed; the remaining colors are just layed in. f. 328v: no fine detailing; only basic colors laid in.

f. 329r: some of the green leaves have fine detailing but the rest has only basic colors. f. 329v: only basic colors laid in. no fine detailing.

f. 330r: only basic colors applied. f. 330v: green leaves have fine detailing; the remaining colors have only basic color.

f. 331r: green leaves are completed with fine detailing; the remaining colors are just laid in.; f. 331v: no fine detailing

f. 332r: no fine detailing; f. 332v: no fine detailing.

f. 333r: no fine detailing; f. 333v: fine detailing of green leaves and some shading in the strawberries; the remaining colors are just laid in.

f. 334r: basic colors laid in; no fine detailing. f. 334v fine detailing in green leaves; remaining colors laid in.


43 (335-342) 8


Lvii signature

(signature is probably original since it has the same decoration as the catchword)

Compare CW decoration to Morgan 359 ( see Plummer, Last Flowerinf, no. 4

miniatures look much later in depth. While the artist is not particularly strong there is more of an accomplished approach to landscape. Miniature style close to that of gathering beginning on f. 303v. 335r: completed decoration by the hand of f. 112r. Same hand did the entire gathering. Same decorator as f. 295r  

44 (343-350) 8


LVIII signature (same decoration as catchword like the previous gathering)

Looks like the same miniature style as previous gathering.


343r: completed decoration by the hand of f. 112r. Same decorator as f. 295r.

The division of labor in this gathering could be divided into two hands. Bifolia 343/350 and 345/348 appear to be by the f. 295 decorator. Bifolia 344/349 and 346/347 possibly by a different decorator.

f. 350r: thumbnail sketch for the miniature.

45 (351-358) 8


Lix signature

Looks like the same miniature style as previous gathering. Completed decoration probably by the hand of f, 112r possibly; same decorator as f. 295r  

46 (359-366) 8


Lx signature (again decoration the same as cw)

Change in style of the small miniatures. The style of these miniatures come close to those found of folio 112

f 359r: completed decoration by the hand of f. 43r: Nov: I disagree with this attribution. Possibly the f. 295r decorator, or a new decorator.

also 360 by f. 43r

the same hand responsible for the entire gathering

f. 366v: pen flourish decoration

47 (367-374) 8


"Sequitur kalemdarium"

LXI signature

end of the temporale

  f. 367r decorator same as f. 112r {Nov. ??? By the same hand as the previous gathering]

f. 374r: pen flourish

48 (375-382) 8

Miniature bifolia (375/382 and 376/381) in gathering before 1435. Drawings on the outside of the bifolio 378/379 are before 1435.`


(no evidence of signatures

Break in text: Beginning of the sanctorale with the feast of the vigil of St. Andrew.

The arms at the bottom of the page were never completed


(Reynolds, "Workshop" p. 445: Bedford's marks of ownership are also unfinished or drawn but never painted, in the first two Sanctoral gatherings, showing that work was abruptly interrupted, presumably by his death.)

375 decorator looks like that of f. 20v.

376r by the f. 42r hand [Nov YES

f. 377 completed text and rubrics. No secondary decoration.

f. 378r: prelimininary drawing in the borders. No drawing on f. 378v

f. 379r no secondary decoration. f. 379v: preliminary drawings in the border. A good demonstration that the surface of the bifolio was treated as a whole.

f. 380 no secondary decoration.f. 380 v no secondary decoration

f. 381r: feast of st nicholas: decorator is the f. 42r hand.

f. 382r: f. 20v decorator. The marginal miniatures were never executed.

f. 383v: f, 20v decorator. The marginal miniatures and the historiated initial never started.

f. 375r

f. 378r

f. 381r

49 (383-390) 8


386/387: probably done between the death of Anne (Nov 1432) and death of John in 1435.

Different catchword decoration


no evidence of signatures.

Full page miniature for the feast of the conception of the virgin.

f. 387v: large miniature for feast of St. Lucie. Arms in the lower margin never completed. the rest of the decoration on the page was completed. Could this be evidence for a late dating of this miniature of around the death of the duke???

383-385: Completed text and rubrics. No secondary decoration

f. 386: f. 32r decorator

f. 387: f. 32r decorator

f. 388-390: completed text and rubrics.

f. 386v

Reynolds, "Workshop," p. 445: "A date after Anne's death [November, 1432] is indicated from the bifolium, fols. 386/387, by the absence of any reference to her beside the miniature for the Conception of the Virgin and by the arms left incomplete."


f. 387v

50 (391-398) 8

cw set in rectangle with looped corners. This break appears to correspond to the shift to the sanctorale.


Border miniatures and the main miniature are clearly in different styles with the border miniatures being in a weaker hand. Gathering by the folio 88r decorator. The decoration is becoming more illusionistic. On f. 395v, there is a fly that appears to cast a shadow. Some of the flowers also appear to cast shadows. Compare to f. 88r where pearls in the bottom margin appear to cast shadows.

f. 391r

f. 393r

(compare to f. 88r)


f. 395v

f. 394v

f. 398r

51 (399-406) 8

Miniature bifolio 401/404 done before 1435.



f 399-400: Completed text and rubrics; no secondary decoration

f. 401r: Large miniature for St. Vincent:Probably f. 88r decorator (note tree trunks as frame for lower marginal miniatures) but gold balls are a new motif.

402-403 Completed text and rubrics; no evidence of secondary decoration.

f. 404: conjugate of f. 401. Same decorator. Note drawing of eagle in lower border. The rest of the secondary decoration is completed. Was this left for a separate artisan to finish the eagle? It would make sense that this detail was left undone at the time of the death of the Duke in 1435. This suggests a date for this style of decoration (f. 88r decorator) about 1435.

405-406: Completed text and rubrics; no secondary decoration

f. 401r

f. 404r

Unfinished eagle with arms in the lower margin. Rest of secondary decoration, except for pen flourish initials is complete.

f. 404v

(note unfinished eagle and arms in the lower margin)

52 (407-414)



f. 407: possibly f. 88r decorator, but different pen-line decoration.

Is f. 408r by a different decorator?

Miniature page decoration of f. 411r same as previous gathering

f. 414 : pretty certainly f. 88r decorator.

The outside bifolio (f. 407/414) looks like it is by the f. 88r decorator while the remaining leaves are done by possibly a new decorator.

f. 408v


f. 411r

53 (415-422)


Close to the one on f. 406v


f. 416r miniature dedicated to St. Agatha: fairly certainly by the f, 88r decorator. Note how the border decoration is enframe by light line. Is this the first example in the manuscript?

f. 422r: border decoration is again enframed by a light line.

For the borders enframed see Reynolds, the Workship of the Master of the Duke of Bedford, figs 72 and 73 (pp. 459-60)

f. 416r

f. 422r

54 (423-430) 8


Has the same decoration set in rectangle like the other gatherings in the sanctorale.

Small miniatures in a finer probably early style.

Reynolds (p. 445, n. 17: belongs with the post-1435 illumination in manner of working through an entire gathering, despite a shield quartered in red and blue, possible as Bedford's field; borders by the same hand in gatherings 55 (fols. 431-438) and 57 (fols. 447-454) with no references to Bedford, suggest the shield was begun in error.

f. 423r: looks like a new border style. More traditional rinceaux with acanthus; probably an early stage of production. In style it comes closest to that found on f. 20v. Note how gold leaves are cusped.

Large miniature on f. 425r has unfinished arms at the bottom. The border decoration is the same as the rest of the gathering.

f. 423r

f. 425r

55 (431-438) 8


(same decoration as earlier gatherings in sanctorale)

Smaller miniatures in a different style than the previous gathering. Less sophisticated. Historiated initials appear to be in the same hand as the small miniatures.

f. 432r: large miniature and smaller miniatures are clearly in different styles.

f. 435r: Large miniature for St. Cuthbert (miniature inscriptions say "turbert")

f. 438r: St. Benedict

Secondary decoration in the same style as the previous gathering.

f. 432r

f. 435r

f. 438r

56 (439-446) 8


(same decoration as earlier gatherings in sanctorale)


Note the dramatic difference in quality between the large miniature of st Ambrose on f. 444r and the marginal miniatures



f. 439r: decoration is by the same hand as f. 408. f. 440 r same hand as f. 439r

f. 444r: St. Ambrose



f. 440r

f. 444r

57 (447-454) 8


(same decoration as earlier gatherings in sanctorale)

Small miniatures are done by a different hand on f. 447r than the previous two leaves.

Is it possible that the saints with English connections were given more of a priority in the making of the book? The St George miniature is decorated by a hand that also did the Cuthbert miniature page.

f. 451: Sts Jacob, Jacon Minor, and Philip.

f. 454: Constantine and St. Helen

f. 454v: good example of Paris pen flourish

f. 447r change in style. same as f. 423r

f. 448r St. George miniature in the hand of f. 423r

f. 448r


f. 449v

f. 451v

f. 454r

f. 454v

58 (455-462) 8

erased cw


f. 455r: secondary decoration possibly be by the decorator of f. 57r

f. 458r St Dunstan


I need to go through the attributions to f. 57 and f. 88r

f. 455v

f 458r

f. 461v

59 (463-469)7 ???


(with the same decoration as the other cws in the sanctorale)

Rubrics do not look complete. Pen flourish decoration never added. On f. 467v there is the gold for a line ending, but the rest was not painted.

f. 463r: same hand as f. 408v

f. 465r: St Barnabas

f. 469v: Large miniature for St. Albin. Space left in decoration at the bottom of the page for the addition of arms that were never added.

f. 465r

f. 469v

60 (470-477) 8

Original cw erased. Another added at the bottom.

  Is the decorator of this gathering the same as on f. 88r. These decorators are alll clearly related. Are they all the same hand?  

61 (478-485) 8


( consistent with other cws in the sanctorale)

  completed text and rubrics. No evidence of secondary decoration.  

62 (486-493)8


(typcial of sanctorale)

f. 486r: no rubrics /f. 486v: rubrics not completed./ f. 487r: rubrics are completed./ f. 487v: no rubrics/ f. 488r: no rubrics (good example with big holes in the text)/ f. 488v: rubrics were completed./ f. 489r rubrics were completed/ f489v: no rubrics/ f. 490r: no rubrics / f. 490v: no rubrics/ f. 491r: no rubrics/ f. 491v: no rubrics/f. 492r: no rubrics/ f. 492v: rubrics/ f. 493r: no rubrics / f. 493v: no rubrics

Is this an argument that the rubrics were added by the side of the sheet? For example, 487 r / 492v have rubrics while the other side of the sheet does not have rubrics.

f. 486r: f. 423r decorator.  

63 (494-499) 6?


(typical of sanctorale, it looks erased)

Miniatures and historiated initials by the same very weak hand. On f. 497 note the contrast between the large miniature and the marginal miniatures.


Return of f. 88r related decorator. Closest to f. 408r decoration

f. 497r

64 (500-507) 8


(not set in rectangle. Similar to that found in temporale

No pen flourish initials f. 500r: possibly a new hand in secondary decoration. Close to f 112r decorator but clearly a different hand. The pen line decoration and leaf structure is different.

f. 500r

65 (508-515) 8


(not set in rectangle. Similar to that found in temporale

f. 509r: signature marks: "ssii"


Rubrics not completed

f. 508r: probably by the f. 408r decorator

f. 515v

66 (516-523) 8

Miniature bifolio 518/521 before 1435.


(not set in rectangle. Similar to that found in temporale


f. 518r: Anne of Burgundy is included in the historiated initials.

Rubrics not done in most of the gathering. Spaces left. There are rubrics on f, 522v and f. 523r


Good example of a Paris pen flourish on f. 518v. But no pen flourish decoration on f. 521r.

f. 515 and 516No secondary decoration

f. 518v: secondary decoration clearly in f. 20r hand.

f. 519, 520: no secondary decoration

f. 521: secondary decoration clearly in f. 20r hand.

f. 518r

f. 518v

67 (524-531) 8


(enclosed in rectangle)

Cut off signature mark at the bottom of the page. Looks like VVi


Beautiful landscape detail at the top of f. 529v.

f. 524r: in hand of f. 408r

f. 525v

f. 529v

68 (532-539) 8


(enclosed in rectangle)

Signature marks: xxii on f. 533r

Rubrics not completed in gathering f. 536v and 537r are good examples of not completed rubrics.

No pen flourish decoration

Possibly a new hand in the secondary decoration. Notice how the intertwined plant strips do not fill the space but pen-line rinceaux is added to fill in area. The plant studies do not look as accomplished as earlier decorators. Probably close in date to the decorator of f. 112 r.

The same decorator is responsible for the entire gathering.

f. 532r

69 (540-547) 8


(enclosed in rectangle)

No pen flourish initials

540: probably f. 408v decorator

541r and 542r: f. 88r decorator

f. 543r and 544r: different decorator

f. 545 and 546: f. 88r decorator

f. 547r: probably f. 408v decorator

f. 544r

70 (548-555) 8


(there has been a change in cw decoration.)


Pen flourish decoration has been added.

Compare scribe of this gathering to previous gathering. Has there been a break in scribes?

The structure of the leaves in the gold ground foliate initials is different from typical Parisian leaves. Compare them to Rouen initials like in Beck, no. 26. Can an argument be made that later portions of the decoration of the manuscript were produced in Rouen?

f. 548r: decorator is close to that found on f. 112r but probably a a different hand. Strong outlining of floral decoration and simplification of details.

f. 548r

71 (556-563) 8


(cw decoration consistent with earlier gatheirngs in the sanctorale. Probably the previous gathering was an anamoly.)

  f. 556r: looks like f. 120v decorator

f. 560r

72 (564-571) 8      

f. 20v

f. 32r

f. 42r

f. 43r

f. 57r


This decorator is very close to that of folio 88. Many of the same motifs are found in both.

f. 88r

f. 89r

f. 98r

(same hand as f. 42r)

A characteristic of this decorator is that the penned lines are some times squigly.

f. 112 r

f. 120v

f. 168r

f. 265r


f. 295r

f. 344r

f. 359r

f. 401v

(probably same decorator as f. 88r, but gold balls are a new motif and the acanthus might be different.)

f. 408v

(close to f. 88r but very different pen line decoration)

f. 423r

f. 500r

f. 532r

f. 548r

(compare the border decoration to Beck Collection, no. 26)