nHow have you typically seen struggling readers and writers taught? What improvements (if any) would you suggest in light of what we read in this chapter?
nIMPORTANT FINDING: (p. 16) Various instructional practices do not directly impact student outcomes. Instead, the level of student engagement sustained over time is what mediates classroom instruction and thereby indirectly influences student outcomes. An effective engagement model includes instruction that fosters motivation, strategy use, learning from a variety of
texts, and social interaction.